The History of the Polaroid
The Polaroid camera is one of the most iconic in the world. Not only did it change the history of photography and the way we take photographs, it also contributed to many photographic inventions and technology that has emerged along the way. This timeline tells you all about the camera that made instant print pictures a reality. Although the brand has suffered as technology advanced and digital cameras and smartphone cameras took over, it has managed to adapt and evolve and is still a house hold name.
Edwin H. Land invents the plastic sheet light polarizer.
Edwin H. Land and George Wheelwright open Land-Wheelwright Laboratories.
Land founds the Polaroid Corporation in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in the USA.
Land begins to think about instant photographs after his daughter Jennifer asks him a pertinent question. For 3 years he works on a camera in secret.
During World War II Land’s company helps develop high-quality optics and night-vision goggles and devices. They also help to the design a U-2 spy plane.
The first instant peel apart film demonstration is held in New York City. A sepia coloured image, which is at the time as cutting edge as today’s online casino Dubai sites, is revealed after only 60 seconds of processing time.
The new Polaroid Land Camera Model 95 is ready to be released to the public and sells out almost instantly.
The first real black and white Polaroid film is launched.
The one-millionth Polaroid Land camera is made.
Polacolor instant colour film makes its debut and the Model 100 Land Camera is introduced.
Polaroid Swinger camera is launched.
Polaroid swaps peel apart film for new integral film sheets.
Polaroid SX-70 Land Camera is launched with the new film design.
The Polaroid OneStep Land camera is released.
The Polaroid 600 series camera and film are released.
PolaPan, Polachrome, Polablue and additional 35mm instant transparency films are released along with the Polaroid Autoprocessor.
The Polaroid Spectra camera system and film is released.
Polaroid wins $909 million in a Kodak patent lawsuit for copyright infringement.
Edwin H. Land passes away.
The Polaroid camera-to-television prototype is released.
Polaroid files for bankruptcy protection.
Petters Group Worldwide buys the Polaroid Holding Company.
Polaroid’s operations are acquired by Flextronics.
Polaroid cameras halt production
The Impossible Project (TIP) buys manufacturing equipment from the Polaroid Holding Company for $3.1M
TIP begins to sell Impossible film and Polaroid cameras.
A Polaroid Classic range is released in collaboration with the Polaroid Corporation.
Marquette Cos. acquires the majority ownership of Polaroid for a whopping $70 million.
TIP I-Type camera and film are announced as ne products.
TIP’s biggest shareholder acquires the Polaroid brand and its IP.
TIP rebrands as Polaroid Basics and a new Polaroid OneStep 2 camera and updated I-Type film is released. These products are still available to this day, so Mr Lands dream has not died, it has just changed with the times.